Global Fixed Income Bulletin
January 22, 2019
Brave New Year

Global Fixed Income Bulletin

Brave New Year

Brave New Year

Share Icon

January 22, 2019


It was an exciting end to the year with most markets moving in diametrically opposite directions from earlier in the year. The December dramatic drop in 10-year U.S. Treasury yields and pricing out of all U.S. rate hikes in 2019 was driven in large part by the poor performance of risky assets: high-yield and leveraged loans, the previous darlings of the bond market; and equities which saw their largest monthly drop in many years. It was not one specific event driving this shift—it was a plethora of problems: disappointing macro data across developed economies; political troubles (U.S./China trade, government shutdowns); poor sentiment; market mispositioning; and of course, poor liquidity, enhanced by end-of-year balance sheet constraints. It is a struggle to find good news; which of course may mean it cannot get worse! We will have to see. We do know that despite the U.S. Federal Reserve (Fed) raising rates eight times in the past two years, the U.S. 10-year Treasury yield has only moved up 24 basis points (bps) (post dramatic Q4 rally). A flattening of the yield curve of historic proportions certainly belies confidence that the U.S. economy can sustain growth much above levels prevalent post the global financial crisis. The risk of a more dramatic economic slowdown from tightening too quickly remains remote, in our opinion. We think that moderate growth, stable inflation, and a patient Fed is an excellent recipe for engineering a soft landing for the U.S. and global economy, and good performance of risky assets.

DISPLAY 1: Asset Performance Year-to-Date

Note: USD-based performance. Source: Thomson Reuters Datastream. Data as of December 31, 2018.

The indexes are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not meant to depict the performance of a specific investment. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. See bottom of the page for index definitions.

DISPLAY 2: Currency Monthly Changes Versus U.S. Dollar

Source: Bloomberg. Data as of December 31, 2018.

Note: Positive change means appreciation of the currency against the USD.

DISPLAY 3: Major Monthly Changes in 10-Year Yields and Spreads

Source: Bloomberg, JP Morgan. Data as of December 31, 2018.


Fixed Income Outlook

Investors hoping for a “Santa Claus rally” in December were disappointed, with developed market (DM) equities experiencing their worst month since September 2011, while investment-grade credit spreads sold off to their widest levels since the first half of 2016. On the face of it, one might have thought value-minded investors would be encouraged by the sell-off and the opportunity to buy equities at lower valuation multiples and be paid more to take on corporate default risk, but the situation is more complex than that. Economic data, especially in developed economies, generally surprised to the downside in the fourth quarter of 2018, and while company earnings generally held up well through the year, expectations for 2019 have been revised steadily lower. In addition, many of the main macro risks—trade tensions between the U.S. and China, populist politics in Europe, concerns about the slowing Chinese economy—remain unresolved.

However, the other significant development over the last month is the policy response to the weakening growth data and financial markets performance. The trend toward monetary policy normalization, which was firmly on track in the first half of the year, appears to be stuttering to a halt, and, in some cases, reversing. Inflation everywhere remains subdued, so central banks can take their time with normalizing policy, reducing the risks of a policy accident from tightening too much, too soon.

The Fed delivered more rate hikes in 2018 than the market had initially expected—four rather than three—but now finds itself in the situation where policy rates are approaching neutral, the risks to tightening much further seem greater, and the need to do so not particularly pressing. Inflationary pressures did recover through 2018, but U.S. core inflation measures have at most returned to the target level, rather than over-shooting. U.S. job creation surged far more than expected in December, but the unemployment rate rose at the same time, as discouraged workers rejoined the workforce, suggesting there is still slack in the U.S. labor market, which will moderate inflationary pressures.

In Europe, the European Central Bank (ECB) ended its quantitative easing (QE) program, but the path and pace of raising interest rates is expected to be an extraordinarily slow one. While the ECB is sticking with its view that the weakness in the eurozone economy is transitory and that tighter and more rigid labor markets will lead to rising underlying inflationary pressures, there is very little evidence of this translating into higher consumer prices, with core CPI unchanged at 1 percent year over year in December. As in the past, the ECB may have to push out the timing of its policy normalization.

Possibly the most significant change in monetary policy came from the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), as the required reserve ratios (RRR) were cut to support the slowing Chinese economy. Interestingly, though, while emerging markets (EM) were a major source of market volatility in the first half of 2018, they managed to outperform DM in the second half of 2018. This improved resilience makes sense to us given most emerging economies are in better shape than many investors feared; those with imbalances took corrective actions to address them; and, with valuations undemanding, there are attractive investment opportunities. A slower pace of Fed rate hikes, which may lead to a weaker U.S. dollar, could add further support to the asset class.

Despite these rather large changes in asset prices, analysts’, including our own, macro and corporate forecasts for 2019 have not changed nearly as dramatically. Yes, growth will moderate in 2019. But will it collapse? No, in our opinion. And, for the U.S. in particular, this is a good thing. If U.S. growth continues at the third quarter pace, there is no doubt in our minds that this would lead to higher inflation and possibly more aggressive Fed rate hikes and a higher probability of recession in 2020 and beyond. So the silver lining of the market’s reappraisal of U.S. and global growth and inflation dynamics is that there is substantially less pressure for central banks to either normalize policy (eurozone, Japan, China) or continue to raise rates (U.S.). The risk of a more dramatic economic slowdown from a too-quick pace of tightening or a collapse in household or corporate confidence remains remote, in our opinion. We think that moderate growth, stable inflation and a patient Fed is an excellent recipe for engineering a soft landing for the U.S. and global economy and good performance of risky assets. The notable resilience of EM in the second half of the year (dramatically so in December) is further supportive of the global economy and of the EM asset class. Risky asset prices have overshot their fundamental values.

Developed Market (DM) Rate/Foreign Currency (FX)

Monthly Review: Safe-haven yields fell in December, following the initial euphoria after the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires, falling inflation expectations, and a continuation of the flight-to-quality from mid-November. During the month, the U.S. and China agreed on a truce for the next 90 days wherein the U.S. would push back increasing tariffs on more than $200 billion of Chinese goods from 10 to 25 percent as had been planned in January, and China committed to purchase a “very substantial” amount of farm, energy and industrial goods in order to reduce the trade gap with the U.S. The market reaction was short-lived as news shortly emerged that Huawei’s CFO was arrested in Canada at the request of the U.S. government for alleged violations of Iranian sanctions.

Outlook: U.S. growth is likely to be lower in 2019 as the fiscal impulse wears off and the lagged effect of higher rates bite, but it will not collapse. Recent speeches from Fed policymakers give us further confidence that they are cognizant of the risk of overtightening and the need to move (at some point in the near future) to a more data-dependent policy. The Fed wants to contain inflation risk; it does not want to cause a hard landing/recession. In the shorter term, despite the dip lower toward the end of December, we believe that the 10-year U.S. Treasury yield is likely to spend a majority of the time between 2.75 and 3.25 percent for the next several months. Fed tightening is on hiatus.

Emerging Market (EM) Rate/FX

Monthly Review: EM fixed income assets posted positive performance in the final month of the year, partially offsetting losses incurred throughout the year. During the month of December, falling U.S. Treasury yields aided longer-duration, higher-quality bonds in the dollar-denominated sovereign and corporate market, while local bond performance drove domestic debt returns. Over the month, energy and base metal prices continued to fall as Brent oil ended at almost $54/barrel and copper and aluminum prices weakened over 3 percent. Soft commodities returns were mixed, with corn and wheat prices rising versus losses for coffee, sugar and cotton. While base metal prices fell, prices for gold, silver and palladium rose in the period. Investors continued to withdraw investments from the EM debt asset class in December, primarily from hard-currency strategies. The year ended with institutional investors adding roughly $20 billion to the asset class,1 while retail investments were roughly flat.

Outlook: After a challenging year for EM fixed income, we hold a constructive outlook for 2019, driven by attractive valuations, a potentially benign global backdrop of moderate growth/subdued inflation, and a Fed that is likely approaching the end of its tightening cycle. We believe these factors and growing twin deficits in the U.S. limit the scope for material USD appreciation which would be beneficial to EM borrowers. Our historical analysis indicates that EM fixed income tends to outperform when EM economies are closing negative output gaps and converging toward potential growth, as they are currently doing.


Monthly Review: Global investment-grade spreads widened in December, ending the worst year for investment-grade spreads since the 2011 European sovereign crisis. The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate Index widened by 16 bps in December to end the year at 153 bps over government bonds, with BBB credits leading the market lower. For the year, spreads closed 60 bps wider with lower quality credit like subordinated financials and BBB nonfinancials underperforming. As measured by excess returns, the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Investment Grade Index’s -3.15 percent annual return was the second worst since 2008. As in prior months, the drivers of credit remained macroeconomic concerns and worries about how slowing economic growth would impact company fundamentals (especially leverage in BBB credit). Compounding these worries were poor technicals headed into year-end, the most notable symptom being limited risk appetite in the dealer community.

Outlook: Entering 2019, our outlook remains broadly unchanged. With the additional widening in December, spreads are now back to early to mid-2016 levels and pricing in an elevated risk of a material economic slowdown or recession. We believe an awful lot is currently baked into valuations, and hence we see value in both investment-grade and high-yield credit spreads. While December’s underperformance adds ammunition to some commentators’ view that credit markets are in “crisis,” we see known dangers that are already priced into the market. We believe this creates opportunities for carry and limited capital gains through active positioning.


Monthly Review: Widening securitized credit spreads and rallying interest rates continued in December. Securitized credit spreads have now widened for three consecutive months and finished wider for 2018 across most sectors. Fundamental securitized credit conditions remain sound, with low default rates, healthy consumer balance sheets and stable housing markets, but increasing volatility, greater concerns over the future health of the U.S. economy, and widening spreads in other credit sectors are combining to put pressure on securitized credit spreads. Agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) performed well again in December with spreads tightening and rates rallying, and agency MBS returns moved into positive territory for 2018 for the first time all year.

Outlook: We enter 2019 with a positive outlook on the securitized markets. With LIBOR and U.S. Treasury yields higher across the curve in 2018, and with securitized spreads wider on everything from agency MBS to credit sensitive asset-backed securities (ABS), we begin 2019 with materially higher securitized investment yields and a still-positive fundamental credit environment. Market volatility has increased and could still increase further, but, ultimately, we expect fundamental value and credit performance to dominate returns for 2019.



Fixed income securities are subject to the ability of an issuer to make timely principal and interest payments (credit risk), changes in interest rates (interest rate risk), the creditworthiness of the issuer and general market liquidity (market risk). In the current rising interest rate environment, bond prices may fall and may result in periods of volatility and increased portfolio redemptions. Longer-term securities may be more sensitive to interest rate changes. In a declining interest rate environment, the portfolio may generate less income. Certain U.S. government securities purchased by the strategy, such as those issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. It is possible that these issuers will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future. Public bank loans are subject to liquidity risk and the credit risks of lower-rated securities. High-yield securities (junk bonds) are lower-rated securities that may have a higher degree of credit and liquidity risk. Sovereign debt securities are subject to default risk. Mortgage- and asset-backed securities are sensitive to early prepayment risk and a higher risk of default, and may be hard to value and difficult to sell (liquidity risk). They are also subject to credit, market and interest rate risks. The currency market is highly volatile. Prices in these markets are influenced by, among other things, changing supply and demand for a particular currency; trade; fiscal, money and domestic or foreign exchange control programs and policies; and changes in domestic and foreign interest rates. Investments in foreign markets entail special risks such as currency, political, economic and market risks. The risks of investing in emerging market countries are greater than the risks generally associated with foreign investments. Derivative instruments may disproportionately increase losses and have a significant impact on performance. They also may be subject to counterparty, liquidity, valuation, correlation, and market risks. Restricted and illiquid securities may be more difficult to sell and value than publicly traded securities (liquidity risk). Due to the possibility that prepayments will alter the cash flows on collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), it is not possible to determine in advance their final maturity date or average life. In addition, if the collateral securing the CMOs or any third-party guarantees are insufficient to make payments, the portfolio could sustain a loss.

The Global Fixed Income team follows a seamless process with a global outlook. They seek to identify and capture the potential value in situations where the market's implied forecasts are extreme.

1 Source: JP Morgan. Data as of December 31, 2018.


R* is the real short term interest rate that would occur when the economy is at equilibrium, meaning that unemployment is at the neutral rate and inflation is at the target rate.


The indexes shown in this report are not meant to depict the performance of any specific investment, and the indexes shown do not include any expenses, fees or sales charges, which would lower performance. The indexes shown are unmanaged and should not be considered an investment. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

The National Association of Realtors Home Affordability Index compares the median income to the cost of the median home.

Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector.

Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure that examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care.

The JP Morgan Emerging Markets Bond Index Global (EMBI Global) tracks total returns for traded external debt instruments in the emerging markets and is an expanded version of the EMBI+. As with the EMBI+, the EMBI Global includes U.S. dollar-denominated Brady bonds, loans and eurobonds with an outstanding face value of at least $500 million.

The JP Morgan CEMBI Broad Diversified Index is a global, liquid corporate emerging markets benchmark that tracks U.S.-denominated corporate bonds issued by emerging markets entities.

The JP Morgan GBI-EM Global Diversified Index is a market-capitalization weighted, liquid global benchmark for U.S.-dollar corporate emerging market bonds representing Asia, Latin America, Europe and the Middle East/Africa.

The ISM Manufacturing Index is based on surveys of more than 300 manufacturing firms by the Institute of Supply Management. The ISM Manufacturing Index monitors employment, production inventories, new orders and supplier deliveries. A composite diffusion index is created that monitors conditions in national manufacturing based on the data from these surveys.

The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS) Index tracks agency mortgage-backed pass-through securities (both fixed-rate and hybrid ARM) guaranteed by Ginnie Mae (GNMA), Fannie Mae (FNMA) and Freddie Mac (FHLMC). The index is constructed by grouping individual TBA-deliverable MBS pools into aggregates or generics based on program, coupon and vintage. Introduced in 1985, the GNMA, FHLMC and FNMA fixed-rate indexes for 30- and 15-year securities were backdated to January 1976, May 1977 and November 1982, respectively. In April 2007, agency hybrid adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) pass-through securities were added to the index.

The Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Corporate Index is the corporate component of the Barclays Global Aggregate index, which provides a broad-based measure of the global investment-grade fixed income markets.

The Nikkei 225 Index (Japan Nikkei 225) is a price-weighted index of Japan’s top 225 blue-chip companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

The U.S. Dollar Index (DXY) is an index of the value of the United States dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies, often referred to as a basket of U.S. trade partners’ currencies.

Italy 10-Year Government Bonds—Italy Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index.

The MSCI World Index (MSCI developed equities) captures large and mid-cap representation across 23 developed market (DM) countries.

Spain 10-Year Government Bonds—Spain Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index.

The ICE BofAML European Currency High-Yield Constrained Index (ICE BofAML Euro HY constrained) is designed to track the performance of euro- and British pound sterling-denominated below investment-grade corporate debt publicly issued in the eurobond, sterling domestic or euro domestic markets by issuers around the world.

The S&P 500® Index (U.S. S&P 500) measures the performance of the large-cap segment of the U.S. equities market, covering approximately 75 percent of the U.S. equities market. The index includes 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy.

The JPMorgan Government Bond Index Emerging Markets (JPM External EM Debt) tracks local currency bonds issued by emerging market governments. The index is positioned as the investable benchmark that includes only those countries that are accessible by most of the international investor base (excludes China and India as of September 2013).

U.K. 10YR government bonds—U.K. Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index. For the following Datastream government bond indexes, benchmark indexes are based on single bonds. The bond chosen for each series is the most representative bond available for the given maturity band at each point in time. Benchmarks are selected according to the accepted conventions within each market. Generally, the benchmark bond is the latest issue within the given maturity band; consideration is also given to yield, liquidity, issue size and coupon.

German 10YR bonds—Germany Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index; Japan 10YR government bonds —Japan Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index; and 10YR U.S. Treasury—U.S. Benchmark 10-Year Datastream Government Index.

The ICE BofAML U.S. Mortgage-Backed Securities (ICE BofAML U.S. Mortgage Master) Index tracks the performance of U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed-rate and hybrid residential mortgage pass-through securities publicly issued by U.S. agencies in the U.S. domestic market.

The S&P/LSTA U.S. Leveraged Loan 100 Index (S&P/LSTA Leveraged Loan Index) is designed to reflect the performance of the largest facilities in the leveraged loan market.

The Bloomberg Barclays Euro Aggregate Corporate Index (Bloomberg Barclays Euro IG Corporate) is an index designed to reflect the performance of the euro-denominated investment-grade corporate bond market.

The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate Index (Bloomberg Barclays U.S. IG Corp) is a broad-based benchmark that measures the investment-grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bond market.

The ICE BofAML United States High Yield Master II Constrained Index (ICE BofAML U.S. High Yield) is a market value-weighted index of all domestic and Yankee high-yield bonds, including deferred-interest bonds and payment-in-kind securities. Its securities have maturities of one year or more and a credit rating lower than BBB-/Baa3, but are not in default.

JPY vs. USD—Japanese yen total return versus U.S. dollar.

Euro vs. USD—Euro total return versus U.S. dollar.

MSCI Emerging Markets Index (MSCI emerging market equities) captures large- and mid-cap representation across 23 emerging markets (EM) countries.

The MSCI AC Asia ex-Japan Index (MSCI Asia ex-Japan) captures large- and mid-cap representation across two of three developed markets countries (excluding Japan) and eight emerging markets countries in Asia.

The S&P GSCI Softs (GSCI soft commodities) Index is a sub-index of the S&P GSCI that measures the performance of only the soft commodities, weighted on a world production basis. In 2012, the S&P GSCI Softs Index included the following commodities: coffee, sugar, cocoa and cotton.

The Dow Jones Commodity Index Gold (Gold) is designed to track the gold market through futures contracts.

The JPMorgan Government Bond Index—Emerging markets (JPM local EM debt) tracks local currency bonds issued by emerging market governments. The index is positioned as the investable benchmark that includes only those countries that are accessible by most of the international investor base (excludes China and India as of September 2013).

The ICE Brent Crude futures contract (Brent crude oil) is a deliverable contract based on EFP delivery with an option to cash settle.

The S&P GSCI Copper Index (Copper), a sub-index of the S&P GSCI, provides investors with a reliable and publicly available benchmark for investment performance in the copper commodity market.

The Thomson Reuters Convertible Global Focus USD Hedged Index is a market weighted index with a minimum size for inclusion of $500 million (US), 200 million euro (Europe), 22 billion yen, and $275 million (Other) of convertible bonds with an equity link.

The MSCI All Country World Index (ACWI, MSCI global equities) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index designed to measure the equity market performance of developed and emerging markets. The term "free float" represents the portion of shares outstanding that are deemed to be available for purchase in the public equity markets by investors. The performance of the Index is listed in U.S. dollars and assumes reinvestment of net dividends.


This communication is only intended for and will only be distributed to persons resident in jurisdictions where such distribution or availability would not be contrary to local laws or regulations.

United Kingdom: Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered

in England. Registered No. 1981121. Registered Office: 25 Cabot Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 4QA, authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Dubai: Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited (Representative Office, Unit Precinct 3-7th Floor-Unit 701 and 702, Level 7, Gate Precinct Building 3, Dubai International Financial Centre, Dubai, 506501, United Arab Emirates. Telephone: +97 (0)14 709 7158). Germany: Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited Niederlassung Deutschland Junghofstrasse 13-15 60311 Frankfurt Deutschland (Gattung: Zweigniederlassung (FDI) gem. § 53b KWG). Ireland: Morgan Stanley Investment Management (Ireland) Limited. Registered Office: The Observatory, 7-11 Sir John Rogerson's, Quay, Dublin 2, Ireland. Registered in Ireland under company number 616662. Authorised and regulated by Central Bank of Ireland. Italy: Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited, Milan Branch (Sede Secondaria di Milano) is a branch of Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited, a company registered in the U.K., authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), and whose registered office is at 25 Cabot Square, Canary Wharf, London, E14 4QA. Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited Milan Branch (Sede Secondaria di Milano) with seat in Palazzo Serbelloni Corso Venezia, 16 20121 Milano, Italy, is registered in Italy with company number and VAT number 08829360968. The Netherlands: Morgan Stanley Investment Management, Rembrandt Tower, 11th Floor Amstelplein 1 1096HA, Netherlands. Telephone: 31 2-0462-1300. Morgan Stanley Investment Management is a branch office of Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited. Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the United Kingdom. Switzerland: Morgan Stanley & Co. International plc, London, Zurich BranchI Authorised and regulated by the Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht (“FINMA”). Registered with the Register of Commerce Zurich CHE-115.415.770. Registered Office: Beethovenstrasse 33, 8002 Zurich, Switzerland, Telephone +41 (0) 44 588 1000. Facsimile Fax: +41(0)44 588 1074.

Japan: For professional investors, this document is circulated or distributed for informational purposes only. For those who are not professional investors, this document is provided in relation to Morgan Stanley Investment Management (Japan) Co., Ltd. (“MSIMJ”)’s business with respect to discretionary investment management agreements (“IMA”) and investment advisory agreements (“IAA”). This is not for the purpose of a recommendation or solicitation of transactions or offers any particular financial instruments. Under an IMA, with respect to management of assets of a client, the client prescribes basic management policies in advance and commissions MSIMJ to make all investment decisions based on an analysis of the value, etc. of the securities, and MSIMJ accepts such commission. The client shall delegate to MSIMJ the authorities necessary for making investment. MSIMJ exercises the delegated authorities based on investment decisions of MSIMJ, and the client shall not make individual instructions. All investment profits and losses belong to the clients; principal is not guaranteed. Please consider the investment objectives and nature of risks before investing. As an investment advisory fee for an IAA or an IMA, the amount of assets subject to the contract multiplied by a certain rate (the upper limit is 2.16% per annum (including tax)) shall be incurred in proportion to the contract period. For some strategies, a contingency fee may be incurred in addition to the fee mentioned above. Indirect charges also may be incurred, such as brokerage commissions for incorporated securities. Since these charges and expenses are different depending on a contract and other factors, MSIMJ cannot present the rates, upper limits, etc. in advance. All clients should read the Documents Provided Prior to the Conclusion of a Contract carefully before executing an agreement. This document is disseminated in Japan by MSIMJ, Registered No. 410 (Director of Kanto Local Finance Bureau (Financial Instruments Firms)), Membership: the Japan Securities Dealers Association, The Investment Trusts Association, Japan, the Japan Investment Advisers Association and the Type II Financial Instruments Firms Association.


A separately managed account may not be suitable for all investors. Separate accounts managed according to the Strategy include a number of securities and will not necessarily track the performance of any index. Please consider the investment objectives, risks and fees of the Strategy carefully before investing. A minimum asset level is required. For important information about the investment manager, please refer to Form ADV Part 2.

Please consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the funds carefully before investing. The prospectuses contain this and other information about the funds. To obtain a prospectus please download one at or call 1-800-548-7786. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Morgan Stanley Distribution, Inc. serves as the distributor for Morgan Stanley Funds.


Hong Kong: This document has been issued by Morgan Stanley Asia Limited for use in Hong Kong and shall only be made available to “professional investors” as defined under the Securities and Futures Ordinance of Hong Kong (Cap 571). The contents of this document have not been reviewed nor approved by any regulatory authority including the Securities and Futures Commission in Hong Kong. Accordingly, save where an exemption is available under the relevant law, this document shall not be issued, circulated, distributed, directed at, or made available to, the public in Hong Kong. Singapore: This document should not be considered to be the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to the public or any member of the public in Singapore other than (i) to an institutional investor under section 304 of the Securities and Futures Act, Chapter 289 of Singapore (“SFA”), (ii) to a “relevant person” (which includes an accredited investor) pursuant to section 305 of the SFA, and such distribution is in accordance with the conditions specified in section 305 of the SFA; or (iii) otherwise pursuant to, and in accordance with the conditions of, any other applicable provision of the SFA. This material has not been reviewed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Australia: This publication is disseminated in Australia by Morgan Stanley Investment Management (Australia) Pty Limited ACN: 122040037, AFSL No. 314182, which accept responsibility for its contents. This publication, and any access to it, is intended only for “wholesale clients” within the meaning of the Australian Corporations Act.


EMEA: This marketing communication has been issued by Morgan Stanley Investment Management Ireland Limited (“MSIM Ireland”). Authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered in England No. 1981121. Registered Office: 25 Cabot Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 4QA.

There is no guarantee that any investment strategy will work under all market conditions, and each investor should evaluate their ability to invest for the long-term, especially during periods of downturn in the market. Prior to investing, investors should carefully review the strategy’s / product’s relevant offering document. There are important differences in how the strategy is carried out in each of the investment vehicles.

A separately managed account may not be suitable for all investors.

Separate accounts managed according to the Strategy include a number of securities and will not necessarily track the performance of any index. Please consider the investment objectives, risks and fees of the Strategy carefully before investing.

The views and opinions are those of the author or the investment team as of the date of preparation of this material and are subject to change at any time due to market or economic conditions and may not necessarily come to pass. Furthermore, the views will not be updated or otherwise revised to reflect information that subsequently becomes available or circumstances existing, or changes occurring, after the date of publication. The views expressed do not reflect the opinions of all investment teams at Morgan Stanley Investment Management (MSIM) or the views of the firm as a whole, and may not be reflected in all the strategies and products that the Firm offers.

Forecasts and/or estimates provided herein are subject to change and may not actually come to pass. Information regarding expected market returns and market outlooks is based on the research, analysis and opinions of the authors. These conclusions are speculative in nature, may not come to pass and are not intended to predict the future performance of any specific Morgan Stanley Investment Management product.

Certain information herein is based on data obtained from third party sources believed to be reliable. However, we have not verified this information, and we make no representations whatsoever as to its accuracy or completeness.

This communication is not a product of Morgan Stanley’s Research Department and should not be regarded as a research recommendation. The information contained herein has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research.

This material is a general communication, which is not impartial and has been prepared solely for informational and educational purposes and does not constitute an offer or a recommendation to buy or sell any particular security or to adopt any specific investment strategy. All investments involve risks, including the possible loss of principal. The information herein has not been based on a consideration of any individual investor circumstances and is not investment advice, nor should it be construed in any way as tax, accounting, legal or regulatory advice. To that end, investors should seek independent legal and financial advice, including advice as to tax consequences, before making any investment decision.

Any index referred to herein is the intellectual property (including registered trademarks) of the applicable licensor. Any product based on an index is in no way sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by the applicable licensor and it shall not have any liability with respect thereto.

MSIM Ireland has not authorised financial intermediaries to use and to distribute this document, unless such use and distribution is made in accordance with applicable law and regulation. Additionally, financial intermediaries are required to satisfy themselves that the information in this document is suitable for any person to whom they provide this document in view of that person’s circumstances and purpose. MSIM Ireland shall not be liable for, and accepts no liability for, the use or misuse of this document by any such financial intermediary.

This document may be translated into other languages. Where such a translation is made this English version remains definitive. If there are any discrepancies between the English version and any version of this document in another language, the English version shall prevail.

The whole or any part of this work may not be reproduced, copied or transmitted or any of its contents disclosed to third parties without MSIM Ireland’s express written consent.

Morgan Stanley Investment Management is the asset management division of Morgan Stanley.

All information contained herein is proprietary and is protected under copyright law.


It is important that users read the Terms of Use before proceeding as it explains certain legal and regulatory restrictions applicable to the dissemination of information pertaining to Morgan Stanley Investment Management's investment products.

The services described on this website may not be available in all jurisdictions or to all persons. For further details, please see our Terms of Use.

Privacy & Cookies    •    Terms of Use

©  Morgan Stanley. All rights reserved.