The 1% Move Report

Timely commentary on market performance whenever the S&P 500 changes more than 1% in a day.






Wealth Management — April 4, 2024

Source: Bloomberg, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Office (GIO). Data as of April 4, 2024.

What Happened in the Markets?

  • The S&P 500 Index fell 1.2% Thursday to end the day at 5,147.21, having gained 7.9% thus far in 2024. 
  • Zero of the 11 S&P 500 sectors were higher on the day, as Energy (-0.1%) and Utilities (-0.2%) were the strongest-performing S&P 500 sectors, while Health care (-1.4%) and Information Technology (-1.7%) relatively underperformed.
  • By the 4:00 p.m. equity market close, the US 10-year Treasury yield decreased to 4.31%; WTI crude oil prices rose 1.5% to $86.72 per barrel; and gold decreased 0.5% to $2,288.83 per ounce.

Why Did This Move Happen?

  • US equities declined today, flipping intraday to embrace a risk-off posture as comments from various Fed members and geopolitical issues challenged the “goldilocks” narrative of strong growth, falling interest rates, and disinflation.
  • Markets struggled to digest apparently hawkish Fedspeak, including comments on persistently high inflation and disappointing early-2024 data. In one key example, Minneapolis Federal Reserve Bank President, Neel Kashari, questioned the need to cut interest rates at all in 2024 if inflation did not make sufficient progress.
  • Additionally, increasing tensions in the Middle East added to global uncertainty, driving oil prices to six-month highs. Higher commodity prices have become increasingly concerning as potential drivers of higher inflation.
  • Labor market data was mixed. Weekly initial jobless claims coming in at 221,000 versus 214,000 expected, hitting their highest level since late January, while last week’s numbers were revised up. On the other hand, continuing claims came in better than expected.

S&P 500 vs. 50-, 100-, and 200-Day Moving Averages

Source: Bloomberg and Morgan Stanley Wealth Management GIO. Data as of April 4, 2024.

How Does the Move Relate to Our Tactical Positioning?

  • Despite today's outsized move, the GIC recommends reducing exposure to US consumer discretionary stocks in favor of a barbell of industrial cyclicals (materials, energy, infrastructure and industrials), capital-market-leveraged financials and defensives (utilities and REITs). Today’s move does not meaningfully impact the GIC’s outlook. 
  • Please find more information on the GIC's tactical positioning on the next two pages and reach out to your Morgan Stanley Financial Advisor to discuss portfolio strategies. For long-term investors, we caution against making substantial strategy changes based on short-term volatility.


US: We remain uncertain that forward earnings estimates are accurately discounting the most recent developments of a strong US dollar, rising oil prices, maturing US fiscal stimulus and an increasingly tapped-out US consumer. Additionally, we expect that Fed actions in 2024 may result in a “higher-for-longer” rate scenario. Our preference is for defensive and secular-growth equities with quality balance sheets. 

International Equities (Developed Markets): The mix of high and sticky inflation, existential risks associated with Russia/Ukraine and the European Central Bank's position that it has limited tools to help, suggest that the odds of recession are over 50%. Developed market exposure should skew toward commodities and materials exporters, especially those in the Asia/Pacific region, including Japan.

Emerging Markets: Recent softness in China, including macro uncertainty and deflationary pressures, along with growing opacity around policy direction, have caused concern for the country’s growth path. With global growth concerns potentially mounting, we have neutralized a previous overweight to emerging markets.

The Global Investment Committee's Tactical Asset Allocation Reasoning

Source: Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Office as of September 22, 2023.

Fixed Income

US Investment Grade: While markets had aggressively priced the Fed's hawkish rhetoric, recent bank concerns have brought in pricing of rate cuts through early 2024. We are taking a more balanced risk-reward approach and have added to large underweight positions. With continued Quantitative Tightening ahead, execution risk remains elevated, as do the risks from sticky services inflation. However, bonds still offer decent relative value and the potential for portfolio hedging. Moreover, we expect equity-fixed income correlations to decrease in the event of an earnings recession.

International Investment Grade: Central banks’ hawkish pivots have prompted a material move in global nominal rates. While timing and catalysts are still hazy, negative-yielding debt has largely vanished in recent months. Prospects are brightening for fixed income investors, with opportunities to invest in local currencies that are expected to strengthen against the US dollar. Nevertheless, our benchmark and tactical asset allocation model continue to allocate 0% to this asset class.

Inflation-Protected Securities: TIPS yields have moved up, as realized inflation remains near a 40-year high and geopolitical uncertainties add pricing pressures. Even with real yields now positive, valuation is not compelling in comparison to US investment grade fixed income. Moreover, our benchmark and tactical asset allocation model continue to allocate 0% to this asset class.

High Yield: We have eliminated our exposure to the equity-like asset class to reduce equity beta of portfolios. High yield bonds rallied aggressively after the unprecedented provision of liquidity from the Fed and fiscal stimulus from Washington. However, there appears to be limited upside potential and much downside risk to investing in riskier products, given the current market environment. Moreover, our benchmark and tactical asset allocation model continue to allocate 0% to this asset class.


REITS: With real interest rates now positive and services inflation remaining quite sticky, we would need to be cautious and selective in adding to this asset class. For now, we remain underweight.

Commodities: Global central banks have successfully brought commodity prices back to late-2021 levels. Supply chains for goods have been close to restored, which has helped to relieve some pressures on inflation coming from industrial metals and auto parts. That said, structural disruption in energy and global agricultural commodities remains severe and may take multiple quarters to cure. Semiconductor trade has been down since the CHIPS Act was enacted.

Hedged Strategies (Hedge Funds and Managed Futures): The current environment appears constructive for hedge fund managers who are good stock-pickers and can use leverage and risk management to amplify returns. We prefer very active and fundamental strategies, especially high quality, low beta, low volatility and absolute return hedge funds.

Morgan Stanley & Co.’s Key Market Forecasts

Source: Bloomberg and Morgan Stanley Wealth Management GIO. Data as of April 4, 2024.

Market data provided by Bloomberg.

Dallas Federal Manufacturing Index is released every month. It reflects overall business conditions and activity in the Texas' manufacturing sector.

Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA): A price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally the leaders in their industry.

NASDAQ Composite Index: A broad-based capitalization-weighted index of stocks in all three NASDAQ tiers: Global Select, Global Market and Capital Market.

S&P 500 Index: The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 Index tracks the performance of 500 widely held, large-capitalization US stocks.

US Trade-Weighted Dollar Index: A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the 17US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that circulate widely outside the US.

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