Wealth Management — January 30, 2023
- The S&P 500 declined 1.3% Monday to close at 4,017.77. The index is now up 4.7% year-to-date.
- Ten of the 11 S&P 500 sectors fell on the day. Consumer Staples (+0.1%) and Utilities (-0.5%) outperformed while Information Technology (-1.9%) and Energy (-2.3%) lagged the index.
- Equities declined on Monday ahead of a busy week for 4Q22 corporate earnings reports, central bank activity and economic data. Perhaps investors decided to take some risk off the table with several potential market-moving events upcoming.
- On Wednesday, the Federal Reserve is widely expected to hike rates by 25 basis points to a new target range for the Fed Funds rate of 4.50%-4.75%. The ECB and BoE will also hold monetary policy meetings this week.
- In addition to the Fed, investors will closely monitor consumer confidence, ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), and the January jobs report this week.
- As of the 4 pm equity market close, WTI oil decelerated 2.4% to below $78 per barrel. Rates were higher across the curve, with the 10-year Treasury yield up four basis points to 3.54%.
- 4Q22 Earnings: As of market close, 145 S&P 500 companies reported fourth quarter results with 69% of them beating earnings expectations. In aggregate, for the companies that reported, earnings surprised by 2.1% while sales surprised by 0.9%, according to Bloomberg. For the S&P 500, bottom-up, blended 4Q22 earnings growth is anticipated to be -2.9% y/y even as earnings from Energy and Industrials companies are growing 59.6% and 39.3% y/y, respectively, according to Refinitiv. Excluding Energy, fourth quarter earnings are expected to be down 7.1% y/y. During company 4Q22 earnings calls, investors will be monitoring the effect of inflation and the slowing economy on fourth quarter revenues and earnings, as well as on forward guidance. We believe investors have not yet priced in softening corporate earnings.
- Monetary Policy: MS & Co.'s Ellen Zentner continues to expect an announcement of a 25-bp hike at the February 1, 2023 Fed meeting. After this meeting, she anticipates that the Fed will hold rates until December 2023.
With the Fed responding to 40-year highs in inflation through both rate hikes and balance sheet run-off in 2022, the GIC’s call for continued caution remains intact. Corporate earnings revisions moved lower over the course of 2022, suggesting downside to forward earnings growth. We recommend investors focus on risk management through quality cash flows, defensiveness, and attention to stock-specific valuations. We suggest rebalancing portfolios and tax-loss harvesting during bear market rallies. In fixed income, the challenge is two-fold: generating sufficient income, while also preserving capital, given the potential for higher yields amid ongoing inflation. This requires diversified and active exposure, with our preference for core investment grade fixed income and dividend-paying stocks. Consider revisiting positioning in long-duration/growth equities, where there may not be adequate compensation for the risks of higher real rates, falling operating leverage and the strong US dollar.
For US equities, the MS & Co. US Equity Strategy team sees the potential for further equity downside in the early part of 2023, given their base-case expectations of $195 for 2023E earnings, well below current consensus levels. Their 2023E S&P 500 base case provides a target of 3,900, based on 2024E earnings of $241. This scenario assumes that nominal top-line growth slows to the low single digits and that margins contract. Their 2023E bear case of 3,500 considers a severe earnings recession, margin pressure and a contraction of EPS growth. Their 2023E bull case of 4,200 corresponds to a mid-single-digit top-line growth rate and limited margin compression. This bull case forecast embeds an estimate of 16.7x MS & Co.'s forward 2024E earnings of $251.
Market data provided by Bloomberg.
Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA): A price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally the leaders in their industry.
NASDAQ Composite Index: A broad-based capitalization-weighted index of stocks in all three NASDAQ tiers: Global Select, Global Market and Capital Market.
S&P 500 Index: The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 Index tracks the performance of 500 widely held, large-capitalization US stocks.
US Trade-Weighted Dollar Index: A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the 17US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that circulate widely outside the US.