The 1% Move Report

Timely commentary on market performance whenever the S&P 500 changes more than 1% in a day.






Wealth Management — October 7, 2022

Source: Bloomberg, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Office. Prices as of 10/7/22.

What Happened in the Markets?

  • The S&P 500 Index declined 2.8% Friday to close at 3,640. With the sell-off, the index is now down 23.6% year-to-date.
  • Stocks extended the losing streak to three straight sessions on Friday. However, even with the recent downside, the S&P 500 Index ended the week higher for the first time in a month. Nonfarm payrolls were above expectations today, while the unemployment rate declined to 3.5%, the prior cycle low. A better-than-expected employment report caused markets to adhere to the narrative that the Federal Reserve will continue its swift hawkish tightening path. As a result, interest rates rose across the curve today. 
  • Next week Q3 earnings season will kick off with several large cap banks scheduled to release results.   
  • All 11 S&P 500 sectors declined, with Energy (-0.7%) and Consumer Staples (-1.6%) the relative outperformers, while Consumer Discretionary (-3.5%) and Information Technology (-4.1%) underperformed.
  • As of the 4pm equity market close, the 10-year and the 2-year Treasury yields rose to 3.89% and 4.31%, respectively.

What to Watch Going Forward

  • 3Q22 Earnings Preview: A number of Financial companies are set to kick-off 3Q22 earnings season next week. For the S&P 500, bottom-up, 3Q22 earnings growth is anticipated to be 4.1% y/y (-2.6% ex-Energy), with five of the 11 sectors anticipating y/y growth, according to I/B/E/S data from Refinitiv. During company 3Q22 earnings calls, investors  will be monitoring forward guidance as well as the impact of elevated inflation, higher rates, and slowing growth on margins, earnings, and valuations. 
  • Monetary Policy: Following the September FOMC meeting, Fed Chair Powell announced a 75-basis-point hike and reiterated that the committee "will keep at it until ... confident the job is done." MS & Co.'s Ellen Zentner expects a 75-basis-point hike in November, 50-basis-point hike in December, and a 25-basis point hike in January 2023 to a terminal rate of 4.625% in January. Additionally, she anticipates that rates will remain steady at the implied 4.625% level until December 2023 when a first rate cut of 25-basis-points may occur. While the balance sheet reduction program doubled earlier this month, during last month's meeting, Fed Chair Powell indicated that MBS sales are not expected any time soon.
  • Economic Data Today:
    • Nonfarm Payrolls - Nonfarm payrolls rose 263,000 in September, above the consensus estimate of 255,000, but below last month's figure of 315,000. 
    • Unemployment Rate - The unemployment rate fell back to the previous cycle low of 3.5%. The continued strength in labor markets is leading markets to believe the Fed will continue to aggressively tighten.
  • Calendar: NFIB Small Business Optimism (10/11); PPI, FOMC Meeting Minutes (10/12); CPI, Jobless Claims (10/13); Retail Sales, University of Michigan Sentiment (10/14).

The Global Investment Committee’s Outlook

With the Fed responding to 40-year highs in inflation through both rate hikes and balance sheet run-off in 2022, the GIC’s call for continued caution in the indices remains intact. Corporate earnings revisions are moving lower, and valuations remain rich, especially relative to the 10-year real interest rate. We recommend that investors focus on risk management through quality cash flows, defensiveness with regard to interest rate sensitivity, and attention to stock-specific valuations. Bear market rallies should be used for rebalancing and tax-loss harvesting. In fixed income, the challenge is two-fold: generating sufficient income, while also preserving capital in a rising-rate and higher-inflation environment. This requires diversified and active exposure, with our preference for core investment grade fixed income and dividend-paying stocks. Consider revisiting positioning in long-duration/growth equities, where there may not be adequate compensation for the risks of rising real rates, falling operating leverage and the strong US dollar.

For US equities, our June 2023 S&P 500 base case provides a target of 3,900. This scenario assumes earnings and revenue growth decelerates due to high cost pressures in a slowing growth environment. Our June 2023 bear case of 3,350 considers a slowdown in earnings growth rate, margin pressure, sticky inflation and a recession. Our June 2023 bull case of 4,450 corresponds to a soft-landing environment, where earnings growth slows but remains positive, inflation decelerates, cost pressures ease, and confidence improves. This bull case forecast embeds an estimate of 17.9x forward June 2024E earnings.

Market data provided by Bloomberg.

Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA): A price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally the leaders in their industry.

NASDAQ Composite Index: A broad-based capitalization-weighted index of stocks in all three NASDAQ tiers: Global Select, Global Market and Capital Market.

S&P 500 Index: The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 Index tracks the performance of 500 widely held, large-capitalization US stocks.

US Trade-Weighted Dollar Index: A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the 17US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that circulate widely outside the US.

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