The 1% Move Report

Timely commentary on market performance whenever the S&P 500 changes more than 1% in a day.






Wealth Management — July 27, 2022

Source: Bloomberg, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Office. Prices as of 7/27/22.

What Happened in the Markets?

  • Following a number of 2Q earnings releases and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) announcement of a second consecutive 75 basis point rate hike, which was in line with expectations, US markets rose across the board today. By 4pm the S&P 500 Index gained 2.6% to close at 4,024, with 86% of the constituents improving over yesterday's close. The index is now down 15.6% year to date. Additionally, the Russell 2000 increased 2.4% and the NASDAQ 100 improved 4.3%.
  • The July rate hike was an unanimous decision for the committee, which remains focused on achieving maximum employment and taming inflation toward its 2% longer-term goal following the "supply and demand imbalances related to the pandemic, higher food and energy prices, and broader price pressures." The committee "anticipates that ongoing increases in the target rate will be appropriate." Additionally, Fed Chair Jerome Powell mentioned that while the path to avoiding a recession has narrowed, "it does not seem that the US economy is in a recession."
  • Second quarter earnings are in full swing this week as we have heard from 180 S&P 500 constituents. Thus far, a number of management teams lowered guidance due to inflationary and margin pressures, while others noted that the second quarter benefited from improved pricing. 
  • All 11 S&P 500 sectors closed higher Wednesday. Communication Services (+5.1%) and Information Technology (+4.3%) were the largest outperformers while Real Estate (+0.5%) and Utilities (+0.1%) underperformed. 
  • As of the 4pm equity market close, the 10-year Treasury yield declined to 2.78% and 2-year yields decreased to 2.99%. WTI oil gained 3.3% to $98 per barrel, while the US Dollar Index declined to 106.5.

What to Watch Going Forward

  • Q2 Earnings: Thus far, more than 45% of the S&P 500's market cap (180 companies) has reported results, with 73% beating earnings forecasts and 60% surpassing expectations for revenues. Thus far this week guidance and 2Q earnings results have been better than anticipated for a number of technology companies. An additional 71 companies are expected to report by the end of the week. Energy company earnings are driving much of the growth, with S&P 500 2Q22 blended earnings growth currently at 6.4% (-3.0% excluding Energy). During company 2Q22 earnings calls, investors will be closely monitoring forward guidance as well as vulnerability of margins and earnings due to headwinds from slowing growth, higher input costs and deteriorating demand conditions.
  • Monetary Policy: This afternoon the Federal Open Markets Committee (FOMC) announced their unanimous decision for a second consecutive 75 basis point rate hike. Additionally, Fed Chair Powell indicated that future rate decisions will be made meeting by meeting and "an usually large increase could be appropriate and the next meeting...(and it) could be appropriate to slow increases." MS & Co. economists forecast a 50 basis point hike in the September quarter. Regarding the balance sheet reduction program, which is anticipated to ramp through September, Fed Chair Powell communicated that the process to get back to equilibrium may take two to two and a half years.
  • Economic Calendar: US GDP, US PCE (7/28); Chicago PMI, University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment, Employment Cost Index (7/29).

The Global Investment Committee’s Outlook

With the Fed poised to respond to 40-year highs in inflation through both rate hikes and balance sheet run-off in 2022, the GIC’s call for continued caution in the indices remains intact. Our June 2023 base case provides a target of 3,900 for the S&P 500. This scenario assumes earnings and revenue growth decelerates due to high cost pressures in a slowing growth environment. Our June 2023 bear case of 3,350 considers a slowdown in earnings growth rate, margin pressure, sticky inflation, and a recession. Our June 2023 bull case of 4,450 corresponds to a soft landing environment where earnings growth slows but remains positive, inflation decelerates, cost pressures ease, and confidence improves. This bull case forecast embeds an estimate of 17.9x forward June 2024 earnings. With earnings revisions moving lower off the prior peak, investors should focus on risk management through quality factor exposure, defensiveness with regard to interest rate sensitivity, and attention to stock-specific valuations. We are moving to a position of maximum diversification by sector and market cap, with interesting ideas in Energy, Industrials, Materials, Health Care, Consumer Services, Financials, Utilities and Staples. While the US recovery matures, we see opportunities outside the US as relatively more attractive, especially given less expensive valuations and exposure to economic cyclicality. In fixed income, the challenge is two-fold: generating sufficient income, while also preserving capital in a rising rate and higher inflation environment. This requires a diversified and active exposure, with our preference for core investment grade, preferreds, leveraged loans, and asset-backed securities, including select mortgage-backed, and dividend-paying stocks. Real assets such as gold, infrastructure, and real estate present an attractive opportunity as a portfolio ballast for income generation and as an inflation hedge.

Market data provided by Bloomberg.

Consumer Price Index: Examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services.

Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA): A price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally the leaders in their industry.

NASDAQ Composite Index: A broad-based capitalization-weighted index of stocks in all three NASDAQ tiers: Global Select, Global Market and Capital Market.

S&P 500 Index: The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 Index tracks the performance of 500 widely held, large-capitalization US stocks.

University of Michigan Consumer Confidence Index: Measures three broad areas of consumer sentiment: personal finances, business conditions, and buying conditions.

US Trade-Weighted Dollar Index: A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the 17US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that circulate widely outside the US.

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