Learn how to avoid debt pitfalls, control impulse buying and create a clean credit report for life.
You’ve prepared for academic success, the SATs, college interviews and even the dorm-room essentials for move-in day of freshman year. Yet two months into the semester, you discover a credit-card bill tucked in among the course books on your desk that makes your blood run cold. How does anyone rack up a balance that large in a few months?
Below are some timely and important financial tips to consider before small budgeting missteps lead to long-term debt and bad financial habits:
For many college students, the temptation to open a credit card account can be huge. Signing up for a high-interest-rate card—and falling behind on payments—is a major pitfall that many of don’t see, even though a 2009 law tightened the requirements for college students to get a card, changing how and where issuers can promote their cards, and to whom. Prior to the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act, which took effect in 2010, issuers could market cards and offer giveaways, like T-shirts and free food, right on campus.
Students can still get credit cards. The simplest way is for parents to add them as authorized users to their own accounts. If you wish to open your own account, you’ll need to find a co-signer, if you’re under the age of 21, or prove that you have an independent source of income.
At that point, you need to know some of the basics, as well as the fine-print rules, of credit-card responsibilities. Many young consumers know very little about the rudimentary mechanics of how credit cards work.
Consider the consequences, like what happens if you’re late or miss a payment, triggering high fees, higher interest rates, and a ding to your still-delicate credit score and report. In fact, a late payment can stay on your credit report for up to seven years1, leaving a mark well past graduation—much like a failed class during freshman year.
And then there’s the cautionary tale of credit card debt, which can take years to pay off. According to a recent report, more than a third of U.S. college students say their credit card debt tops $1,000.2 Most students would just shrug that off, but that’s because no one has told them that a $1,000 credit card balance with a typical annual rate of 21% and a monthly minimum payment of $50 would take more than two years to pay off.3 The interest alone on this debt would be $241 by the end of those two years. Larger amounts at different payment rates and durations can yield even more sobering costs. (A number of online credit card interest calculators can help quantify the long-lasting effects of carrying even a little card debt.)
Of course, there are some positive aspects of signing up for a credit card. For one, you will establish a credit history that, if handled properly, will be a huge boon once you graduate—from credit checks for your first apartment to getting financing for a car- or home-loan.
Managing a credit card account continuously can also teach important spending and budgeting lessons, not the least of which is how to spend within your means. Making timely monthly payments within budgetary bounds can help build discipline, while cutting down on outsized impulse spending, as you come to understand the difference between a need and a want through the impact to your budget at the end of the month.
Morgan Stanley’s Spending and Budgeting Tool can make it easier for you to see your complete financial picture.