Gender diversity at work and investing in equality for women can actually increase a company’s—and your portfolio’s—bottom line. Our expert explains.
For the last two years, we’ve seen an awakening—women speaking up for themselves about inequity and mistreatment and through their brave actions catalyzing social change. As a sustainable and impact investor, I spend a lot of time thinking about how we can use our investment dollars to increase equality for women. I’m heartened to see real momentum around gender diversity and inclusiveness across all industries. I care about this conversation as the mother of a daughter, but I also think it’s important for society as a whole.
To me, gender diversity means a balance in representation across all genders, including women, in conversation and action. It does not mean pushing men out. Inclusion and diversity can broaden perspectives and drive better decision-making.
As it turns out, these practices can actually increase your portfolio’s bottom line.
Gender diversity isn’t just about getting qualified women into the C-suite and the boardroom, although representation at the highest levels is incredibly important. It is also about investing in the products and services that will help improve women’s and children’s lives. A creative approach is needed. For example, as someone whose job is to create impact investing portfolios, I try to extend our thinking to sectors such as agriculture and affordable housing because an outsized number of women identify agriculture as their primary source of income, especially in developing countries, and affordable housing issues disproportionately affect families, including single mothers and their children.
Change is happening as investors demand greater transparency and gender inclusiveness. In certain European countries, company boards are mandated to include a specific percentage of women. Last October, former California Governor Jerry Brown signed a law that requires publicly traded companies based in California to include at least one woman on their boards by the end of 2019 and more by 2021. For the most part, however, in the U.S., the movement toward gender equity isn’t being driven by the government or public-sector pressure. Investors, like you and me, are catalyzing this movement by making demands of the companies with which we do business.
The reasons are twofold: Create a better world and also create better-performing, more innovative companies.
According to Morgan Stanley Research from 2016, a more-female workforce is correlated with higher average returns. When our quantitative team looked at companies based on their percentage of female employees and other metrics of gender diversity, the top third experienced 2% higher average relative returns than other companies in their region. Over a six-year period, companies with more gender diversity enjoyed a one-year return on equity that was 1.1% better than companies with low female representation. Evidence has linked gender diversity to lower return-on-equity volatility, too.
A few possible reasons:
- Employee satisfaction: Diversity broadly and gender diversity specifically have been shown to correlate with superior performance in terms of employee engagement. Interestingly, there seems to be a statistically significant relationship between diversity practices and employee engagement at work, for all employees, not just women. Happy workers create better products. Plus, it’s significantly more expensive to onboard new employees than to retain existing employees, so simply keeping your workforce motivated and engaged can add to a company’s bottom line.
- Better recruiting: Family-life balance, flexible working programs, and maternity and paternity leave are drivers of outperformance for many reasons, including helping companies in competitive markets attract top talent. This gives companies an edge in hiring the workers they need—especially in countries that are experiencing an aging and shrinking workforce.
- Innovation: A more diverse perspective can improve team decision making and innovation capabilities for new products and services. If everyone sitting around a board room has similar experiences and perspectives, that could create unintentional blind spots in decision-making.
- Appealing to a more diverse customer base: If men are trying to create products for women and girls, they may not be as successful as a roomful of employees who better understand their customer base. Reaching out to new markets can add new revenue sources for a company.
- Reputational risk: We pay attention when companies experience controversies over issues such as big pay gaps, wage disputes, sexual harassment litigation, equal opportunity litigation, and so on. While these issues can happen at diverse workplaces, many investors like to see companies have strong records of supporting women.
Impact investors have powerful tools at their disposal to make a difference, including within Morgan Stanley Investing with Impact and Access Investing portfolios. Thanks to investor demand, increased data and transparency and a changing regulatory framework, investors now have the ability to help shift environmental and social practices. Gender diversity is one shift for the better that we can help influence through our personal investments.