Can the power of compound interest help savvy Millennials grow a million dollar portfolio?
If you tell the average twenty-two year old Millennial that the best time to start saving for retirement is yesterday, they may throw you an incredulous glance. “Are you kidding?” they may say, “I’m not due to retire for another forty years!”
Millennials, usually defined as those born between 1980 and the early 2000s, may go on to argue that they’re busy starting a family or paying down student loans and they simply don’t have the money to worry about retirement.
But like the old warning of protesting too much, our polling1 shows that Millennials are, in fact, worried about having enough savings for their future. Nearly one in four is concerned about having adequate funds, while 69% are uneasy about making that money last a lifetime.
However, having time on your side is a tremendous advantage. Starting a retirement plan early may be the single easiest way to retire with an impressive nest egg.
Here’s a hypothetical scenario that puts things into perspective:
Say 22-year-old Bob makes $60,000 a year and retires at 65. He contributes 10% of his pre-tax salary into his 401(k) retirement account while his employer chips in 2%. Assuming he consistently makes that 12% monthly contribution of $600 and earns a reasonable hypothetical 5% rate of return, he’ll end up with $1,029,600 at retirement.
Sally, however, contributes $1,000 a month at the same hypothetical rate of return, but she doesn’t start until age 45. By the age of 65 she will have $476,200 in her retirement account—just 43% of what Bob has saved.
While many investors go in search of the magic double-digit stock gain, young investors shouldn’t overlook the power of consistent contributions to their retirement accounts—even if the contributions begin very small.
A frequent complaint from Millennials is that they simply don’t have the excess cash to invest. Using the example of Bob and Sally, let’s take a look at this misconception.
Say Bob complains that he can only afford to put away 4% a month due to his student loan and tight budget. Assuming the same rate of return over 43 years and a 2% employer match, he will have $514,800 at retirement—still 8.4% more than Sally even though his monthly contribution was 40% less than hers and overall he contributed $103,000 compared to her $240,000.
While that may not be enough for Bob to retire on, a recent study by the US Government Accountability Office showed that 29% of Americans over 55 have no retirement savings whatsoever2.
Now, of course, investment returns aren’t usually steady like our hypothetical example and typically will fluctuate. But with enough time on one’s side, even small contributions can make a big difference to an overall retirement portfolio.
Many Millennials are also unaware about Modern Portfolio Theory or the importance of consistent contributions in a tax-free environment. A Financial Advisor can also help explain asset allocation and diversification to help smooth long-term returns through bear and bull markets.
But first and foremost, Millennials should use the tax-free environment of the 401(k) to put the power of time to work for them. Often it’s the most important investment they’ll make for their retirement.